Proper Wound Care: How to Treat Your Wounds?

Proper Wound Care: How to Treat Your Wounds?

Wound healing is a bit of a tricky process, and there are several things you can do to either help or hinder your healing journey.

FPJ Web DeskUpdated: Monday, November 06, 2023, 06:33 PM IST
Proper Wound Care: How to Treat Your Wounds? |

Wounds, they're like nature's signature on our skin, marking the chapters of our body's healing journey. A wound is like a crack in your skin's armor. It might not sound like a big deal, but taking care of it properly is crucial. Wound healing is a bit of a tricky process, and there are several things you can do to either help or hinder your healing journey. It's pretty common, really! In fact, almost every wound leaves a mark in the wound care journey, except for those superficial surface scratches that are gone in a flash.

We've all been there, right? You wish those wounds caused by little mishaps could just magically heal. Well, here's the scoop: you can actually do something about it from the comfort of your home. It's as simple as keeping that wound clean, slathering on a bit of petroleum jelly, and making sure to keep a fresh Wound Plaster over it as it heals. Want to dig deeper into wounds and how to treat them effectively? Well, keep reading, and we've got you covered.

What Are Wounds? How Do They Heal?

A wound is any form of injury or breach in the skin, which is a crucial barrier protecting your body from harmful germs. Such injuries, whether resulting from accidents or surgical procedures, provide an opportunity for germs to enter and potentially cause infections. Wounds often occur due to unexpected accidents or injuries.

When a wound goes deep into the skin, what we call the dermis, the body responds by growing thicker tissue to repair it. This thicker tissue often leads to the formation of a scar. Wounds can result from various things like cuts, scratches, burns, diseases, skin conditions, or surgeries. However, very minor incidents usually don't leave wound healing behind.

It's important to note that while scars from the wound are permanent, they tend to fade over the course of a couple of years, as part of the body's ongoing healing and remodeling process.

Stages of Wound Healing

Wounds go through different stages when they heal, and how long it takes largely depends on how big and deep the wound is. Smaller wounds usually get better faster, but bigger or deeper ones take more time.

So, when you get a cut, scrape, or puncture, it's no surprise that it might bleed at first. Within a few minutes, the blood starts to clot, putting a stop to the bleeding. As things progress, these clots dry up and create a scab, which acts as a shield, keeping germs away from the tissue below. Once that protective scab forms, your body's immune system goes into action, working to defend the wound from potential infections.

The process of healing a skin wound follows a specific pattern, and if something goes wrong at any of these stages, it can slow down the healing. These are the basic steps in wound healing:

Hemostasis (Your Body's Rapid Response to Stop Bleeding)

When your skin gets cut, scraped, or punctured, bleeding is often the immediate response. Remarkably, within just moments, your blood cells begin to cluster together and form clots. These clots serve as a shield, stopping the bleeding and averting additional blood loss. The essential components of these clots, which eventually dry up and become scabs, include platelets, a type of blood cell. These platelets work alongside a protein called fibrin, which weaves a net to securely anchor the clot in its place.


Once the clot seals the wound, the blood vessels can relax slightly, allowing fresh nutrients and oxygen to flow into the area, which is crucial for the healing process. Adequate oxygen from the bloodstream is essential for proper healing. Striking the right balance is also crucial; too much or too little can impede the healing process.

In addition to platelets, another type of blood cell called a macrophage steps in as the guardian of the wound. These white blood cells serve a dual purpose by defending against infections and supervising the repair process. During this stage, you might notice some clear fluid around the cut – this is part of the wound-cleaning process. Macrophages also release chemical messengers known as growth factors, which play a key role in healing the wound.

Growth & Rebuilding

As the healing process progresses, various blood cells, including oxygen-carrying red blood cells, arrive to aid in the construction of new tissue. Chemical signals play a vital role in instructing the cells to generate collagen, which acts as a scaffolding structure, and other tissues to kickstart the repair process. Occasionally, the outcome of this intricate process may manifest as a scar, initially appearing red and gradually fading over time.


As time goes by, the newly formed tissue gradually strengthens. You may observe the wound stretching, itching, and even some puckering as this transformation takes place. Remarkably, within about three months, the wound's healing progress has it almost as robust as it was before the injury. However, the entire healing journey can extend over a couple of years to reach its full completion.

Proper Wound Care: Tips to Treat Wounds

When it comes to dealing with wounds, there are a few tips to keep in mind. The key is knowing how to take care of the wound while it's in the healing phase. So, here, we'll look into the nitty-gritty of wound care.

Keep It Clean

The first step in wound care is to begin the treatment as soon as the injury happens!

When you get a cut, take a moment to wash it with clean water or use an antiseptic saline solution. This helps get rid of any surface bacteria on your skin that might lead to an infection later on. Plus, it reduces the chances of ending up with a noticeable scar. 

Gently pat your skin dry by dabbing it with a clean towel or some paper towels, but remember not to rub it. Rubbing can cause more irritation and create tiny tears in your skin. Your wounds need attention multiple times a day, so give them a gentle cleaning with soap and water to clear away any lingering bacteria or dirt that could slow down the healing process. However, don't go overboard with the cleaning, as your wounds also need some helpful bacteria to do their job.

If you notice your skin turning more red, swelling around the wound, or experiencing increased pain, warmth, or pus, these could be signs of infection. Don't wait; consult a healthcare specialist right away if any signs of infection show up.

Keep It Moist

To ensure your wound heals well and doesn't dry out, apply an ointment or hydrogel to keep the skin around the injury hydrated and protected. This helps prevent the scab from cracking as it heals.

You can also lightly coat it with a bit of antibiotic ointment to aid the healing process. While antibiotic ointment isn't always necessary, it can assist in minimizing scarring by maintaining a moist environment and reducing the risk of bacterial contamination.

Petroleum jelly is another option. It acts as a skin protector, preserving your skin's natural moisture, which helps prevent infection. Other choices for covering your wound include honey, aloe vera gel, or iodine solution. 

Aloe vera gel has skin-soothing properties that protect exposed tissues during the healing process. While it doesn't have the enzymes to kill bacteria, you can use it as a secondary treatment to disinfect the wound and shield it from infection.

If you're unsure which option is best for your wound, it's always best to consult your healthcare physician for personalized advice on keeping the wound properly moist.

Keep It Covered

When your wound is not being cleaned or dressed, it's a smart move to cover it with gauze or a band-aid. This protective layer helps keep bacteria at bay and prevents infection.

Alternatively, you could use silicone gel or hydrogel sheets for coverage. Silicone gel sheets are crafted from silicone, a rubber-like material with several handy attributes. They're waterproof, so they won't stick to wounds, and they remain firmly in place even when exposed to sweat. Most can be comfortably worn for several days before needing removal and disposal.

Hydrogel sheets, on the other hand, are made from polyacrylates, the same materials found in diapers. They're designed to provide protection while efficiently absorbing fluids, keeping your wound in an optimal healing environment.

Change the Dressing Daily for Better Healing

Daily dressing isn't just about faster healing; they're your shield against infection and a way to keep tabs on the recovery. If you don't notice any signs of improvement, it's wise to consult your healthcare specialist for guidance.

Additional Wound Care Tips

Avoid Tempting Fate: Resist the urge to scratch or pick at those scabs – it's an invite for more prominent scars & infections. Take it easy on the movement and don't overdo things in the affected area.

Gentle Massaging: Regularly massaging the affected area can be beneficial. It helps to break down scar tissue and encourage proper healing.

Sun Protection: Don't let too much sun hit the wound. You can consider using certain sunscreens to help the wound scar fade, but make sure to keep it protected from the sun's rays.

Cover and Conceal: If your wound is still bothering you, there's no shame in using skin camouflage or specially designed-makeup to hide it.

Patience Is Key: Remember, some wounds take their sweet time to fade, so don't rush it. Be patient and let the healing process do its thing.

When to Consult a Wound Care Expert?

While the tips above work well for minor wounds, it's crucial to prioritize safety for more severe skin injuries. Seeking the expertise of a wound care specialist is often the best approach. Early intervention can make a world of difference in wound healing and how a scar ultimately forms. 

If you encounter any of the following more serious skin injuries, it's a clear signal to seek professional assistance:

A cut that won't stop bleeding

Deep puncture wounds


Severe burns

Any signs of infection following a skin wound

Final Thoughts

With proper care, most wounds heal effectively, often leaving behind a minor or even no visible scar. However, when injuries happen, proper care is your next best bet. Keep your wound clean and moist with warm, soapy water and gauze. As it heals, switch to gel scar sheets, the gold standard for reducing fresh scars. Consistency is key, and you can expect to see improvements within a couple of months. If you're more concerned, it's a smart move to consult with your doctor to find the best solution for you.


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