Goa Liberation Day 2022: History, significance and all you need to know

Goa Liberation Day 2022: History, significance and all you need to know

It was a point in Indian history that made India completely free from the foreign rule that had lasted centuries.

FPJ Web DeskUpdated: Sunday, December 18, 2022, 09:33 AM IST
article-image
Representative Image | File

Did you know that Goa was not always a part of independent India? Yes, it became an Indian state after it got liberated in 1961. It is in commemoration of the successful military operation that the Goa Liberation Day is celebrated. It was a point in Indian history that made India completely free from the foreign rule that had lasted centuries.

History

On August 15, 1947, when India gained its independence, Goa was still crumbling under 450 years of Portuguese rule. The Portuguese were among the first to colonize parts of India and refused to give up their hold over Goa and other Indian territories, even in the wake of India’s independence.

After failed negotiations and diplomatic efforts with the Portuguese, the former prime minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, decided that military intervention was their only option. The 36-hour military operation, conducted since December 18, 1961, was code-named ‘Operation Vijay’ and involved attacks by the Indian navy, air force, and army.

During the historic moment, Indian troops reclaimed the Goan territory with little resistance, and General Manuel António Vassalo e Silva signed the certificate of surrender. 451 years of Portuguese rule in the region officially came to an end and the territory was taken back by India on December 19, 1961.

However, the action incited mixed responses internationally at the time. Though many praised the move and backed India, others, including Portugal, criticized the Indian forces’ “invasion” of Goa.

Significance

The day is also particularly important for recognizing the achievements Goa has made in recent years, accomplishing milestones in the tourism sector and maintaining a key positionwith respect to the per capita income among all the states and union territories of India.

Now, Goa Liberation Day is marked by an abundance of events and festivities in Goa. Various cultural programs like Sugam Sangeet — an Indian musical genre with poetry in the Kannada language — are held to honour the occasion.

RECENT STORIES

Supreme Court Order Favouring Advocates Is Blatantly One-Sided: Experts

Supreme Court Order Favouring Advocates Is Blatantly One-Sided: Experts

Rajkot Gaming Zone Fire Tragedy: Court Sends Accused To 14-Day Police Custody

Rajkot Gaming Zone Fire Tragedy: Court Sends Accused To 14-Day Police Custody

Lok Sabha Elections 2024: J&K Sets New Electoral Record In 35 Years

Lok Sabha Elections 2024: J&K Sets New Electoral Record In 35 Years

Punjab Minister Balkar Singh Shamelessly Laughs When Questioned About Viral Obscene Videos; NCW...

Punjab Minister Balkar Singh Shamelessly Laughs When Questioned About Viral Obscene Videos; NCW...

Fire Deaths Increase By 30% Till May As Compared To 2023: Delhi Fire Service Data

Fire Deaths Increase By 30% Till May As Compared To 2023: Delhi Fire Service Data