Washington: It turns out, the saying ‘practice makes perfect’ does not always work when it comes to training. According to recent findings, the common practice of training beyond fatigue should be reconsidered, as it could do more harm than good. A recent research has found that muscle fatigue, caused by overexertion when practising a skill, can affect the task in hand and impair learning afterwards.
“Surprisingly little is known about the effects of muscle fatigue on our ability to keep learning and getting better at a skill. With this study, we set out to disentangle the effects of fatigue on performance of a task from its effects on the ability to learn and get better at it,”said first author Meret Branscheidt.
The researchers asked 120 people to learn a pinch-force task over two days. They were given a device that transmits force into a signal received by a computer and asked to hold it between the thumb and index fingers of their dominant hand. During each trial, participants were asked to press the device at different force levels to control the motion of a cursor displayed on a computer screen.
On the first day, a subgroup was asked to continue pinching until they experienced muscle fatigue, which was measured by the extent of contraction they could achieve. On the second day both groups of participants performed the task without reaching the point of fatigue.
The researchers found that the ability to get better at the pinch task on the second day was impaired in the group that reached fatigue on day one. In fact, it took them two additional days of training without fatigue to catch up to the same level as the normal (or ‘control’) group.
The most striking results, however, came from the researchers’ next experiment. When they tested performance of the untrained, unfatigued hand in the pinch task, they found that those people who had reached the point of exhaustion performed less well using both their fatigued and unfatigued hands. This suggested that fatigue impairs motor skill learning mechanisms in the brain.
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