Bhubaneswar: The Department of School and Mass Education in the state of Odisha on Monday announced its partnership with Breakthrough and the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) South Asia with the goal of integrating a gender equity curriculum into the syllabus for students across government schools in the state.
"The curriculum, designed by the NGO Breakthrough, uses interactive classroom discussions to encourage adolescent boys and girls to reflect on culturally embedded gender norms, roles, and discriminatory practices to transform their gender attitudes, aspirations, and behaviors," read a statement. Through this partnership, the curriculum will be integrated into the Social Studies syllabus for adolescent boys and girls from grades 6 to 10 in over 18,000 middle and 5,000 secondary schools in Odisha by August 2022.
The curriculum was first evaluated by J-PAL South Asia in 314 government schools in Haryana and was found to shift the gender attitudes and behaviours of both boys and girls and lead students to enact more gender-equitable behaviours.
The curriculum has since been introduced in multiple states in India, including Punjab where it is currently reaching 600,000 students annually in government schools across the state.
"In Odisha, Breakthrough will work with the Department of School and Mass Education to contextualize and integrate the curriculum into the syllabus, train teachers and key departmental personnel, and conduct gender sensitization workshops with principals across 23,000 state-run schools. The program will also leverage the Digital Infrastructure for School Education (DIKSHA), the Government of India's open-access education technology platform, to train teachers, receive feedback from them, and engage parents in the sensitization process as well," the statement added.
J-PAL South Asia will conduct independent monitoring activities to ensure that the programme is achieving its objectives and to generate insights for sustained, high-quality government implementation of the syllabus.
The implementation of the Gender Equity Programme will significantly help in achieving the state's Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 4 and 5- namely, quality education and gender equality.
The expected outcomes of the programme include positive gender attitudes and behaviours by both boys and girls, adolescents practising gender equitable behaviours, teachers' involvement to build a gender equitable school, parents valuing their daughters and invest in their education, girls having choices for their education and work participation, retention of girls in schools for more number of years leading to a reduction in girls' drop out, increase in the age of marriage and age of first childbirth, improved sex ratio and increased labour force participation by women.
Samir Ranjan Dash, Minister, School and Mass Education, said: "Gender equality is very important. We are taking it very seriously."
Bishnupada Sethi, Principal Secretary, School and Mass Education Department, Government of Odisha, said, "The inclusion of gender dimension in the school curriculum is a very notable step for Odisha. Despite the gains and progress India has made in gender equality, there are issues that continue to remain unaddressed even today. The representation of women, for example, is not significant and interventions such as this programme can bring about positive changes in the way we look at gender issues. And schools are the best places to start these conversations."
Sohini Bhattacharya, CEO, Breakthrough, said that the organization was honoured to partner with the government to bring about systemic and lasting change in gender behaviors.
"Breakthrough, over the last 22 years has been working towards making violence and discrimination against women and girls unacceptable. We know that gender perceptions get formed at a young age and therefore, we need to ensure that children, especially those between the ages of 10-15 have access to the right information related to gender equality, legal rights, and healthy gender behaviors. The Gender Equity program aims to achieve this and has played a significant role in promoting gender-equitable behavior among school children," said Bhattacharya.
This program is a part of an ongoing partnership between the Government of Odisha and J-PAL South Asia, wherein since 2019, J-PAL South Asia has worked with state departments to facilitate rigorous, policy-relevant research and the scale-up of successful programs.
The programme is supported by the Global Innovation Fund as well as J-PAL South Asia and Veddis Foundation's recently launched Alliance for Scaling Policy Impact through Research and Evidence (ASPIRE), which seeks to accelerate the adoption of anti-poverty policies rooted in scientific evidence and data.