Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Trained At Same Center In Russia Where Rakesh Sharma Underwent Training

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Trained At Same Center In Russia Where Rakesh Sharma Underwent Training

Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced on Tuesday the names of the four astronauts who will be in Gaganyaan, slated to be launched in 2024-25

ANIUpdated: Tuesday, February 27, 2024, 03:31 PM IST
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The four astronauts who will be part of India's first human space flight program, Gaganyaan, were trained at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Russia, the same center where Rakesh Sharma underwent training. Rakesh Sharma was the first Indian to go into space in 1984. Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center (GCTC), at Star City, is about 30 kilometers north of Moscow. It was named for the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin. The center offers high-tech training facilities, including integrated simulators. It also offers survival training for many possible landing situations, including mountains, woodlands, marshes, deserts, in the Arctic and on the sea.

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia | @ISROSight

PM Modi announces names of 4 astronauts
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced on Tuesday the names of the four astronauts who will be in Gaganyaan, slated to be launched in 2024-25. The four chosen Indian Air Force pilots are Group Captain Prashanth Nair, Group Captain Ajit Krishnan, Group Captain Angad Pratap, and Wing Commander Shubhanshu Shukla.

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia | @ISROSight

The four astronauts were trained at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Russia. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who is on a visit to Kerala, reviewed the progress of the Gaganyaan mission and bestowed 'astronaut wings' on the astronaut-designates at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia | @ISROSight

India's first human space flight program
The Gaganyaan mission is India's first human space flight program, for which extensive preparations are underway at various ISRO centres.
"India's success in the space sector is sowing the seeds of scientific temperament in the country's young generation," PM Modi said in his address at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre. "As India is set to become the top-3 economy in the world, at the same time, the country's Gaganyaan is also going to take our space sector to a new height," the PM said.

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia | @ISROSight

@ISROSight

Gaganyaan project envisages a demonstration of human spaceflight capability
As per ISRO, the Gaganyaan project envisages a demonstration of human spaceflight capability by launching a crew of three members into an orbit of 400 km for a three-day mission and bringing them back safely to earth, by landing in Indian sea waters. The pre-requisites for the Gaganyaan mission include the development of many critical technologies, including human-rated launch vehicle for carrying crew safely to space, a life support system to provide an Earth like environment to crew in space, crew emergency escape provision, and evolving crew management aspects for training, recovery, and rehabilitation of crew.

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia

Mission Gaganyaan: Selected Astronauts Being trained in Russia | @ISROSight

Various precursor missions planned
Various precursor missions are planned to demonstrate the technology readiness levels before carrying out the actual human space flight mission. These demonstrator missions include Integrated Air Drop Test (IADT), Pad Abort Test (PAT) and Test Vehicle (TV) flights. The safety and reliability of all systems will be proven in unmanned missions preceding manned missions.

LVM3 rocket the well-proven and reliable heavy lift launcher of ISRO, is identified as the launch vehicle for the Gaganyaan mission.
Human safety is of paramount importance in the Gaganyaan mission. In order to ensure the same, various new technologies, comprising engineering systems and human-centric systems, are being developed and realised.

In 2023, in a stellar display of prowess, India soared to new heights with the successful soft landing of Chandrayaan-3 on the South Pole of the Moon and the successful launch of Aditya-L1, India's first solar mission.
These milestones not only secured India's standing in the global space economy but also fueled the engines for the private space sector in India.
Among other feats, India now aims to set up 'Bharatiya Antariksha Station' by 2035, and send the first Indian to the Moon by 2040. 

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