To maintain international peace, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and serve as a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations, the United Nations (UN) was established on 24 October 1945 when 50 nations met in San Francisco, California for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, which was adopted on 25 June 1945. The charter took effect on 24 October 1945, when the UN began operations and at present there are a total of 193 UN member states.
Theme for United Nations Day Day 2023:
The theme of the UN Day revolves around “faster, bolder climate action”, and intends to galvanize world leaders ahead of the COP28 climate conference in Dubai later in the year, and next year’s International Conference on Small Island Developing States in Antigua and Barbuda.
In commemoration of United Nations Day, a concert featuring the Environmental Symphony: The Movement and world-renowned cellist Michael Fitzpatrick will be held in the General Assembly Hall on Tuesday, 24 October.
The year 2024 marks the 78th anniversary of the United Nations. In a time of varied wars and political unrests in different countries, it is more urgent for the UN to fulfil its promise and top other global organisations in delivering a peaceful and hopeful future for people around the world.
The United Nations Day ought to be an international observance since since 1971.
World Development Information Day
According to the UN's website, World Development Information Day was called for introducing to help draw the attention of people worldwide to development problems.
The UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) proposed measures for information dissemination and for the mobilization of public opinion relative to trade and development problems. These became known as resolution 3038 (XXVII), which the UN General Assembly passed on December 19, 1972.
The Assembly decided that the date for the Day should coincide with United Nations Day, 24 October, which was also the date of the adoption, in 1970, of the International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade.
The Assembly deemed that improving the dissemination of information and the mobilization of public opinion, particularly among young people, would lead to greater awareness of the problems of development, thus, promoting efforts in the sphere of international cooperation for development.
World Development Information Day was first held on October 24, 1973, and has been held on this date each year since then.