What Is Causing Property Rates To Inflate In Mumbai?

What Is Causing Property Rates To Inflate In Mumbai?

Analysing the various aspects that can drive further value appreciation at an already developed location

Chandresh VithalaniUpdated: Friday, May 03, 2024, 08:26 PM IST
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Several factors can drive further value appreciation in already developed locations within India, including the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). The ongoing urbanisation, expansion of the middle class, and significant infrastructure development are pivotal factors contributing to this trend​.

Demand boosters

Urbanisation continues to be a strong force, with more individuals moving to cities in search of employment and better opportunities. This trend is expected to persist, bolstering demand in urban real estate markets. The expansion of the middle class in India also plays a crucial role, as a growing number of people now have the financial capability to invest in property. This has increased demand particularly in the moderate-price segments of the housing market​.

Infrastructure development is another crucial driver. The Indian government has heavily invested in improving infrastructure, which makes it easier for people to live and work in these areas. Better infrastructure in a region enhances its attractiveness, leading to higher property values. Additionally, government incentives, such as tax benefits and subsidies for homebuyers, further stimulate the real estate market​.

Key contributors

In MMR specifically, factors like the development of commercial hubs, improvements in connectivity, and the rise of integrated townships contribute significantly to real estate value appreciation. Developments that offer a blend of residential, commercial, and recreational facilities in one integrated complex are becoming increasingly popular. These projects appeal to a modern lifestyle, offering convenience and quality of life, which are highly valued by today’s home buyers​​.

In addition to the previously mentioned factors that can drive further value appreciation in already developed locations, redevelopment projects play a crucial role in revitalising and enhancing property values. In developed areas, where land is a scarce resource, redevelopment allows for more efficient use of space. Converting single-use buildings into mixed-use developments can enhance the utility and appeal of the property, thus driving up its value.

Investment climate

Lastly, the real estate market in MMR and other developed regions is supported by foreign investments and a favourable investment climate, which contribute to a positive outlook and continued growth in property values​.

Overall, these factors collectively create a robust environment for the appreciation of real estate values in developed areas of India, making them attractive for both investors and residents.

Scope assessment

To effectively assess potential value appreciation at a location in the context of the prior appreciation that has already taken place so far in developed areas of India, including the MMR, it’s important to analyse recent market trends and historical data. The Indian real estate market has shown significant shifts, with a notable movement towards higher-value properties in recent years.

Historical appreciation trends: Observing past appreciation trends can provide a baseline. For instance, markets like Mumbai have experienced fluctuating demand, with the premium segment showing significant growth in 2023 compared to previous years​.

Current market dynamics: Analyze the supply and demand dynamics in your target area. As of 2023, there is a growing preference for mid to high-end residential units, with substantial growth in sales of properties valued above Rs 10 million. This shift indicates a robust demand in the premium segment, which could suggest continued appreciation potential​.

Economic indicators: Economic growth, employment rates, and infrastructure developments in the region influence real estate prices. Cities with strong economic fundamentals and ongoing development projects tend to have higher property appreciation potential.

Regulatory environment: Government policies, such as housing benefits or tax incentives, can also impact property values. Monitoring any changes in policies that affect real estate investment in India is crucial.

By considering these factors, investors can make informed decisions about the potential for future value appreciation in specific locations within India and MMR, tailoring their strategies to align with current market conditions and future projections.

(The writer is Partner, Palladian Partners Advisory Private Limited)

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