Representational image
Representational image

New Delhi: The quarterly growth figures for July-September to be released on Friday later by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation -- with most estimates pointing towards 4.3-4.7% growth -- lower than Q1 growth of 5% on the reasoning that the core sector and Industrial growth (IIP) both being dismal in August and September could have wrecked the Q2 numbers.

Finance Ministry sources do concede that core sector and IIP have been extremely poor in two months of the July-September quarter that will have a bearing on the GDP growth.

SKOCH Group Chairman Sameer Kochhar on Friday said Q2 number to be at 4.5 and double digit growth is required to meet $5 trillion target.

The country's largest public sector bank, State Bank of India, had released a report that predicts only a 4.2% GDP growth in the second quarter. The bank attributes it to low automobile sales, deceleration in air traffic movements, flattening of core sector growth and declining investment in construction and infrastructure.

The growth forecast for FY20 has now come down to 5% from 6.1% earlier, the report said.

On Wednesday, In a heated Parliamentary debate on the economic slowdown affecting jobs, opposition parties said millions of people have lost their jobs and the country faces a "economic emergency".

In her reply, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said the economy faced a slowdown but no "recession" and cited several government measures to support economic growth.

On Thursday, she sought Parliament's approval to spend $2.7 billion in addition to a budgeted 27.86 trillion rupees ($388 billion) in the 2019/20 fiscal year.

Core Sector put up worst show in 14 years, shrunk 5.2% in September and this is likely to have impacted most the second-quarter GDP growth, numbers, according to officials.

The Commerce and Industry Ministry said production in eight core sectors including coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products, steel, cement, and electricity declined in September. Coal contracted the steepest by 20.5%; fertiliser being the only exception.

Core sector production contracted to over three-and-half year low of 0.5% in August 2019 after growing 2.7% in July that too when the government revised upwards the sector growth for July to 2.7% from 2.1%.

In September IIP contracted by 4.3%, steepest fall in 8 years. Production for the mining, manufacturing and electricity sectors for September stood at 86.5, 126.5 and 158.7 respectively, with the corresponding growth rates of -8.5%, -3.9%, -2.6% compared to September 2018.

The contraction was mainly due to the under-performance of the mining and electricity. As per the data, the core sector for the month of September contracted massively by 5.2% from the 0.5% contraction seen in August. The index was dragged down by coal mining which came in at minus 20.5%.

The eight infrastructure industries of coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products, fertiliser, steel, cement and electricity have a 40.27% weight in the index of industrial production (IIP).

Low core sector growth suggests moderation in industrial growth.

India's economy reported its weakest growth in more than six years at 5% in the June quarter and slowed for the sixth straight quarter, prompting the government to unleash a spate of measures to spur economic activity.

Industrial growth (IIP) shrank 1.1% in August, after a gap of 26 months, reinforcing fears of a slowing economy and deteriorating consumer sentiment.

Production of consumer non-durables, a barometer for the rural economy, rose 4.1% in August but that of consumer durables, demand for which is more urban centric, shrank 9.1%. Production of capital goods, an indicator of investment activity, contracted 21%.

During July, manufacturing made a strong comeback, growing at 4.2%, while electricity surprisingly decelerated, growing at only 4.8%. Mining output grew at a robust pace of 4.9% during the month. The pick-up in growth seems to have come on the back of intermediate goods, which grew in the double digits at 13.9% even as capital goods contracted by 7.1%. Consumer durables also shrank 2.7% due to the slump in automobile sales while consumer non-durables grew at a healthy pace of 8.3%.

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