Updated on: Thursday, November 25, 2021, 12:33 PM IST

FPJ Explains: Why is Constitution Day celebrated on November 26?

Dr Ambedkar and his team that drafted the Indian Constitution | Congress - Twitter

Dr Ambedkar and his team that drafted the Indian Constitution | Congress - Twitter


November 26 is celebrated as Constitution Day or Samvidhan Diwas in India. The day is also known as National Law Day.

While almost all of us know why we celebrate Independence Day and Republic Day, many of us do not the significance of the Constitution Day. The day commemorates the adoption of the Constitution in India.


It was on this day in 1949 that the Indian Constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly, and, thereafter, came into force on January 26, 1950, marking the beginning of India as a republic.

Thus on November 26, we celebrate the Constitution Day and on January 26 we celebrate the Republic Day to mark the beginning of India as a republic

The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India. Following India's independence from the British Government in 1947, its members served as the nation's first Parliament.

The Indian Constitution portrays the major political code, structure, techniques, forces, and obligations of the public authority foundations. It additionally clarifies key freedoms, mandate standards, and the obligations of residents.

Government of India declares Nov 26 as constitution day

2015 was the 125th birth anniversary year of B. R. Ambedkar (14 April 1891), who is known as the father of the Indian constitution, the government decided to celebrate the year in a big way.

Thus the Centre in 2015 declared November 26 as the Constitution Day. The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on 19 November 2015, notified the decision of the Government of India to celebrate 26 November as 'Constitution Day'.

The day is celebrated to promote Constitution values among citizens.

How is Constitution Day celebrated?

Though it is not a public holiday, the constitution day of India is celebrated in government offices and schools. The way they celebrate it is different in different places. For instance, in schools, the students are made to read the preamble of the Indian Constitution.

Apart from this, the school also organizes different competitions, like essays and quizzes, which are totally based on the Constitution of India. Teachers engage in delivering lectures on the constitution of India. Various colleges also conduct debate competitions with topics related to the same.


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Published on: Thursday, November 25, 2021, 12:33 PM IST