Mumbai : The Reserve Bank on Thursday kept benchmark lending rate unchanged for the third consecutive policy review but raised the reverse repo rate as it stepped up efforts to check any spike in inflation if monsoon is below normal this year.
The six-member Monetary Policy Committee, headed by RBI Governor Urjit Patel, kept the repurchase or repo rate — at which it lends to banks — unchanged at 6.25 per cent but increased reverse repo rate to 6 per cent from 5.75 per cent. The Marginal Standing Facility, on the other hand, has been revised downwards by 0.25 per cent to 6.5 per cent. MSF is RBI’s overnight lending rate for banks against government securities.
It expressed concerns on three fronts about inflation and the economy. The first stems from a possible El Nino impact on the monsoon. The second worry arises from the GST implementation and the third upside risks to inflation comes from the seventh pay commission award, reports PTI.
RBI projected inflation to average 4.5 per cent in first half of current fiscal and 5 per cent in the October-March period, above the 4 per cent midpoint of target range.
Gross value added — a key input of GDP — was forecast to rise to 7.4 per cent in the current fiscal from 6.7 per cent the previous year. “The MPC remains committed to bringing headline inflation closer to 4.0 per cent on a durable basis and in a calibrated manner,” the RBI said in a statement highlighting the panel’s unanimous 6-0 decision, just like the previous meetings.
The narrowing of gap between the repo and the reverse repo stabilise money markets by reducing volatility in short- term money market rates and encourages banks to park their funds with RBI.
“Underlying inflation pressures persist, especially in prices of services,” RBI said in the statement, reiterating its neutral stance. “The future course of monetary policy will largely depend on incoming data on how macroeconomic conditions are evolving.”
RBI said inflation developments have to be closely and continuously monitored, with food price pressures kept in check so that inflation expectations can be re-anchored. “The main one stems from the uncertainty surrounding the outcome of the south west monsoon in view of the rising probability of an El Niño event around July-August, and its implications for food inflation,” it said.
Banks, it said, have scope to further lower borrowing costs as “a more complete transmission of policy impulses remains, including for small savings/administered rates”. It is in this context that greater clarity about liquidity management is being provided, even as surplus liquidity is being steadily drained out.
RBI wanted resolution of banks’ stressed assets on a firm footing. “Along with rebalancing liquidity conditions, it will be the Reserve Bank’s endeavour to put the resolution of banks’ stressed assets on a firm footing and create congenial conditions for bank credit to revive and flow to productive sectors of the economy,” the statement said. Patel said the MPC took note of the reduction in bank lending rates. There is further scope for a more transmission including for small savings and administered rates, he said.
“In its (MPC) opinion alongwith rebalancing liquidity conditions the reserve bank should endeavour to put the resolution of banks’ stressed assets on a firm footing and create congenial conditions for the bank credit to revive and flow to productive sectors of the economy,” he said. RBI has cut repo by 1.75 per cent since January 2015.