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Need of hour is Mumbai Metro linking Thane, Bhiwandi and Kalyan

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Consultant says that due to heavy ridership demand…

Report submitted by Italian company appointed by MMRDA to study the techno-economic feasibility

Mumbai: The techno-economic feasibility of the metro corridor connecting Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan revealed the need for a corridor in the region due to its huge ridership demand. The report was made by an Italy-based consultant appointed by Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA).


MMRDA had appointed an Italian company, D’Appolonia SpA, to study the techno-economic feasibility of Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan region which was conducted in April 2015.

Under section 41 C MR and TP act (Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act), government had appointed MMRDA as ‘Special  Planning Authority’ for 27 villages from Kalyan and for Bhiwandi surrounded notified areas covering 60 villages in August 2006 and March 2007.

According to the DPR created by Italy consultant, the proposed Bhiwandi surrounding notified area and Kalyan development plans coming up in the regions would cause travel demand to grow steeply in the region.

According to the DPR created by Italy consultant, the proposed BSNA (Bhiwandi surrounding notified area) and Kalyan development plans coming up in the regions would cause the travel demand to grow steeply in the region.

The expected peak traffic demand on 23.6 km Thane- Bhiwandi-Kalyan corridor has been assessed as 17,500 PHPDT (Peak Hour Per Direction Traffic).

“Considering the peak hour passenger demand  there will be a need to introduce a metro based Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) for Thane- BHiwandi Kalyan corridor”, said a consultant

The consultant added that the metro corridor would provide fast, safe, economic and environment friendly mode for mass movement of passengers.

The areas of Thane and Kalyan are major trip generating locations in Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). “Trip generating location means, large number of people originate and end in each of the zones like Thane and Kalyan,”said consultant.

The consultant also said there is a considerable population of working class is residing in Thane and Kalyan. “Bhiwandi is a hub for warehouses and small industries, which causes it to become a major trip attraction zone,” said a consultant.

 The DPR also mentions the fact that there is a lack of connectivity between these three zones.

“Besides having railway stations at Thane and Kalyan, most of the time suburban rails have a passenger volume which is more than passenger loading capacity of the suburban railway causing high level of discomfort to the commuters,” added the consultant.

The mandate for the Italy based consultant was to propose a metro or a mono rail corridor for the Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan.

“The metro would be constructed on the top of the road for Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan stretch which would be similar to the metro corridor in Versova-Andheri-Ghatkoper

“In future, several other metro corridors proposed like Wadala-Thane, Versova-Ghatkoper and Andheri-Dahisar will be well connected to Thane-Kalyan-Bhiwandi metro corridor for integrated network,” said a consultant from D’Appolonia SpA.

The entire stretch of Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan has wider roads and has no sharp curve which also allows  to construct a metro corridor in the region.

Population values as per 2011

Population of Thane 18,41,488

Population of Bhiwandi-Nizampur 7,09,665

Population of KDMC 12,47,327

As per study, population projected for 2021

Thane: 23,40,000

Bhiwandi: 8,93,000

Bhiwandi surrounding areas: 2,98,000

Kalyan area (including villages):

Approximately 30 lakhs.