US President Donald Trump on Friday at the White House Rose Garden announced that the United States would be pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement. The agreement is one of the biggest achievements of Barack Obama’s tenure. Trump stated that it was his solemn duty to protect America and its people and further claimed that the agreement favoured India and China. The US President also claimed that the New Delhi was demanding ‘billions and billions and billions’ of foreign aid and at the end it will only help India to double coal production by 2020. His decision is opposed by his own daughter, son-in-law, several cabinet ministers, law makers and major corporations, among others.
What is Paris Climate Agreement?
The Paris Agreement also known as ‘Accord de Paris’ in French is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) filed in December 2015 by 195 countries. Till date the agreement has been ratified by 148 countries. According to the agreement, each country would make their own efforts to mitigate global warming and no country would be forced to set a specific target or deadline. The agreement came into force in November 2016.
The aim of the agreement is to hold the increase in the global average temperature by below 2 degree above pre-industrial level to help and reduce the impact of climate change and also increase the ability to adapt the adverse impact of climate change. Another important aim is to limit the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by human activity so that it could be naturally absorbed. The agreement also focuses on to look after the financial issued faced by less developed countries due to droughts, floods etc.
How does it benefit India?
India is world’s third largest emitter of climate-warming greenhouse gases. Key features of India’s targets are:
- To bring down its emissions intensity by 30 to 33 per cent from 2005 levels by 2030.
- To increase the share of non-fossil fuel energy to 40 per cent by 2030.
- To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon di-oxide (CO2) equivalent by increasing its forest and tree cover by 2030.
- To invest in development programs in areas vulnerable to climate change and also to health and disaster management.
Will US’ backing out impact India
No, because none of the India’s initiative is at the mercy of Donald Trump’s administration. In fact, all Indian initiative has been funded by itself and is initiated with its own technology. Indian government truly understands the need and importance of the Paris Climate Agreement. It will not only help people from the adverse effects of the climate but also in boosting its economy. Just two days before US backed out, India’s Science and Techonology Minister Harshvardhan had made it clear that India remains committed to address challenged of the climate change and would continue to work together with other countries for the same.