May 1, also known as Maharashtra Day or Maharashtra Diwas is the day when the state of Maharashtra was formed in 1960, after the partition of Bombay state. The state is also the second most populous state in the country. It is also considered as one of the wealthiest states. Today, on the occasion of Maharashtra Day, here are few interesting facts about the state.
• The area of Maharashtra is about 307,713 km², which is larger than several countries including Bhutan, Fiji, Qatar, Oman, Ireland, Kuwait and Panama, among others.
• Maharashtra contributes about 25 per cent of India’s industrial output.
• The first train in India ran in Mumbai on April 16, 1853. It covered a distance of 34 km and was built between Mumbai and Thane. It is believed that it is not only India’s but also Asia’s first train.
• The Rankala Lake located in Kolhapur is one of the oldest lakes in the state. It is believed that at the centre of the lake there is a golden temple submerged under the temple of Rankabhairav.
• Buldhana’s Lonar Lake was created by a meteor hitting the earth. The chemical constituents of the meteor and the regional soil gives the water a saline and alkaline properties.
• Navi Mumbai, largest planned city in the world, was developed in 1972. The reason behind the city was to de-congest Mumbai.
• The state has the largest road network in the country with a total length of over 2,67,500 km. It includes 18 national highways and several state highways with total length of 33,705 km.
• Any house in Shani Shingnapur, a village in Maharashtra, has no doors. It is believed that whoever steals anything in the village will incur the wrath of Shani god.
• State Symbols:
State animal: Indian Giant Squirrel
State bird: Yellow Footed Green Pigeon
State tree: Indian mango tree