R Ashwin took two for 25, including the wicket of Australian batting mainstay Steve Smith, to give India the edge on the first day of the second Test at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Australia are currently at 136 for 5 wickets at tea.
The hosts, who won the toss and elected to bat, lost the wicket of opener Joe Burns early with Jasprit Bumrah having him caught behind for duck.
Matthew Wade, who played aggressively for his 39-ball 30, helped Australia move to 35 before Ashwin removed him. Wade tried to take the attack to the bowler by trying a slog-sweep but instead top-edged it for Ravindra Jadeja to take a catch at mid-wicket.
Soon Ashwin had Steve Smith for his second duck of the series. Smith tried to turn a delivery on the middle and leg towards square leg only to find Cheteshwar Pujara take the catch at leg slip.
India had Australia on the mat at 38 for three at one point. No. 3 batsman Marnus Labuschagne and No. 5 Travis Head survived some anxious moments. The former was given out in the last over before lunch off Ashwin but reviewed it and survived. Labuschagne later became Mohammd Siraj's debut wicket as he was caught by Shubman Gill, another debutante.
The Aussies, who defeated India by eight wickets in the first Test in Adelaide after bowling them out for a paltry 36 in the second innings, have fielded an unchanged squad.
India, meanwhile, are going in with four changes. They have brought in Shubman Gill, Ravindra Jadeja, Mohammed Siraj and Rishabh Pant in place of Prithvi Shaw (dropped), Virat Kohli (personal reasons), Mohammed Shami (injured) and Wriddhiman Saha (dropped).
Ajinkya Rahane is leading the side in the absence of Kohli, who has returned to India to attend the birth of his child.
Gill and Siraj are making their Test debut making this the first instance since November, 2013 when India have fielded two debutants in a match. In that 2013 Kolkata Test vs West Indies, India handed Test caps Rohit Sharma and Mohammed Shami.
Brief scores: Australia 1st Innings - 136/5 (Labuschagne 48, R Ashwin 2/25)
Joe Burns c Pant b Bumrah 0
Matthew Wade c Jadeja b Ashwin 30
Marnus Labuschagne c Shubman Gill b Mohammed Siraj 48
Steven Smith c Pujara b Ashwin 0
Travis Head c Rahane b Bumrah 38
Cameron Green not out 6
Tim Paine (c) not out 0
Bowling: Jasprit Bumrah 12-4-24-2, Umesh Yadav 12-2-39-0, Ravichandran Ashwin 15-3-25-2, Ravindra Jadeja 4-1-13-0, M Siraj 9-2-25-1