“Simhastha Kumbh Mahaparv” is one of the four “Kumbh Melas” celebrated as largest spiritual gatherings in India. Simhastha Kumbh Mahaparv is celebrated by taking holy dip on the banks of river Kshipra in Ujjain city of Madhya Pradesh. The Mahaparv will be observed from April 22 to May 20.
According to medieval Hindu mythology, Lord Vishnu dropped drops of Amrita (the drink of immortality) at four places (Haridwar, Allahabad, Nashik and Ujjain) while transporting it in a kumbha (pot). These four places are identified as the present-day sites of the Kumbh Mela.
The Kumbh Mela is the royal procession of Naga (naked) Sadhus which marks an akhada or sect of sadhus at this gathering who assemble at various locations for darshan. The right to be Naga is considered as a sign of separation from the material world.
The Location of Akhadas are as follows: –
1. Panchdashnam Juna Akhada – Datta Akhada
2. Panchayati Anand Akhada – Chhoti Rapat, Barnagar Road
3. Panchayati Maha Nirvani Akhada – Datta Akhada
4. Nirvani Ani Akhada – Ankpaat
5. Nirmal Akhada – Ramghat
6. Digambar Ani Akhada – Khak Chowk
7. Nirmohi Akhada – Ankpaat
8. Panchayati Naya Udaseen Akhada – Barnagar Road, Hanuman Bagh
9. Panch Atal Akhada – Datta Akhada
10. Taponidhi Niranjani Akhada – Dani Gate, Rajput Dharmashala
11. Panchaytati Bada Udasin Akhada – Dani Gate, Rajput Dharmashala
12. Panchayati Agni Akhada – Datta Akhada
13. Panchayati Avhan Akhada – Datta Akhada
The Ujjain Kumbh is celebrated when Jupiter ascends into sun sign Leo’s quarter or the Simha constellation of zodiac, which is why it is called ‘Simhastha’. The Simhastha is special in Ujjain as it is the seat of divine Mahakal – the Lord of all times.