BHOPAL : Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has a desire to double the income of farmers by 2020. And, Seed and Farm Development Corporation will be playing a vital role to achieve the target, informed managing director of the corporation, Vinay Varman while taking to Free Press.
MD Vinay Varman is an IFS officer of 1984 batch, who had long experience of services and also worked as a CEO of Eco Tourism, apart from holding various prestigious posts, including chief conservator forest of Sahdol and wildlife expert in Narmada Valley Development Authority.
Tell us about seed corporation?
The Seed and Farm Development Corporation is the pioneer in Madhya Pradesh in the production and distribution of quality certified seeds of cereals, pulses, oilseeds, horticulture seeds and seeds of major crop. It is an ISO 9001 – 2015 certified organisation which is into production, marketing and distribution of high quality Certified and Foundation seeds in Madhya Pradesh.
What is the objective?
The main objective of the corporation is to provide quality seed production of major cereals, pulses, oil seeds and horticultural crops apart from supplying of quality seeds at the doorstep of the farmer through co-operative societies and that too at the remotest villages of the state. The corporation also does marketing of seeds of latest varieties available at the right place, at the right time and at reasonable price. The corporation gives seed production programmes to the farmers and provide them with good quality foundation seeds. The farmers multiply these seeds in their farms by following the prescribed norms. The corporation buy back these seeds from farmers at a price which is usually higher than market price and process it, tag and pack it for further sale.
How can income of farmers be doubled by 2020?
There are many parameters from which the income can be doubled in next five years, like seed production, grading and many more. Presently the corporation have the partnership of 4 per cent in seed production. In the year 20017-18 the corporation had planned to contribute 20 per cent in quality seed market. Presently the corporation is producing 2.50 lakh quintals of Rabi and Kharif seed and the target is to increase the production up to 20 lakh quintals. Presently 3951 private seed grower or the farmers are associated with the corporation and the number is expected to increase to 12,000. The corporation also has its 42 farms in a total area of 2793 hectares out of which 2048 hectares is cultivable. With the help of the seed grading system quality seed are prepared. The corporation has 54 processing centres located at different district across the state. Seed processing plants are equipped with new grading machines needed for successful cleaning and grading operations. The grading and cleaning is carried out in these PCs. The MP Seed certification agency issues tags for the seeds, which has met the standards of seed certification prescribed in the Indian Minimum Seeds Certification Standards.
Are you planning to bring new avenues under the programme?
Yes. In the state 623 villages come under six tiger reserve forests; and in the buffer zone, in these villages the farmers are not getting proper seed and fertilizers. The CCF wildlife have instructed to provide seeds to these villages which will naturally increase the income of villagers as well as of the state.
What are the varieties of seeds distributed?
Following the Indian seed programme system, corporation recognises three generations of seeds namely Breeder, Foundation and Certified seeds and provides adequate safeguards for quality assurance in the seed multiplication chain to maintain the purity of the variety as it flows from the breeder to the farmer.
Breeder seed is the progeny of nucleus seed of a particular variety and is produced by the originating breeder or by a sponsored breeder. Breeder seed production is the mandate of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and is being undertaken with the help of:
- ICAR Research Institutions, National Research Centres and All India Coordinated Research Project of different crops.
- State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) with 14 centres established in different States.
- Sponsored breeders recognized by selected State Seed Corporations.
Foundation seed is the progeny of breeder seed and is required to be produced from breeder seed or from foundation seed which can be clearly traced to breeder seed. Foundation seed is required to meet the standards of seed certification prescribed in the Indian Minimum Seeds Certification Standards, both at the field and laboratory testing.
Certified seed is the progeny of foundation seed and must meet the standards of seed certification prescribed in the Indian Minimum Seeds Certification Standards, 1988. In case of self pollinated crops, certified seeds can also be produced from certified seeds, provided, it does not go beyond three generations from foundation seed stage-I.
Seed Certification is carried out in six broad phases listed as under:
- Verification of seed source, class and other requirements of the seed used for raising the seed crop.
- Receipt and scrutiny of application.
- Inspection of the seed crop in the field to verify its conformity to the prescribed field standards.
- Supervision at post-harvest stages including processing and packing, of samples and arranging for analysis to verify conformity to the seed standards.
- Grant of certificate, issue of certification tags, labelling, sealing etc.
Your vision as MD?
Availability of quality seed is necessary for attaining higher yield. Good quality seed acts as a catalyst for realising the potential of all other inputs in agriculture. Without good seed, investment like fertilizer, water, pesticides and other input will not pay the desired dividends.
An improved seed is a most dynamic instrument for increasing agriculture production and also economical input. The fact that a genetically pure seed alone could increase crop production by 20 percent and provide resistance against several menaces, states the importance of this basic input in agriculture.
Seed supply system in India is a complex mix of formal and informal components. Informal sector plays a predominant role in high-volume self-pollinated crops such as pulses, oilseeds, wheat and rice. The spread is mainly through farm-saved seed, i.e. seed saved directly on farm and obtained through local trading and exchange. Seeds need frequent replacement but seed replacement rates (SRRs) in several crops are very low in the country.
The challenges confronting the seed sector is to make available quality seeds and planting materials having good genetic potential at an affordable price and across the country to the farmers to enable them harvest maximum yield under the given agro-climatic conditions. In pursuance to this challenge, effort is being made to produce quality seeds with the collective efforts of Public and Private sector seed producing agencies.
Through public system Seed and Farm Development Corporation is providing certified seed to farmer of Madhya Pradesh at low price at their door-step. Our vision is to provide seed of desired variety to the farmers at their door step through e-commerce facility at reasonable price, so that they can harvest the full potential of their land resource and become progressive in short span of time.