OUR STAFF REPORTER Indore

The health department has sounded alarm in the division following discovery of several cases of dengue and malaria this season.

The department has set up a round the clock control room to monitor su

ch cases and give immediate information to the department.

The department is also keeping an eye on Swine Flu, but no cases have surfaced this season from the city. Only one positive case of Swine Flu was reported in the State and that is from Gwalior.

Although a few cases of dengue and malaria have been reported from the city, the outstations patients, who are admitted here, can cause trouble for Indore too. As dengue virus and malaria parasite could transmit through them. However, the health department officials said that theres no threat from these diseases in the city and advised people not to sound false alarm.

They said that the cases came to light at present are from outside the city and Indoreans should not worry about them.

Joint Director ( health services) Dr Sharad Pandit said that till date only seven to eight cases of malaria have been surfaced in the city while the remaining cases are from surrounding areas of the city.

Same is the case with dengue.

Dr Pandit said that till date Indore has registered only one case of dengue and the remaining patients in the city hospitals are from other towns. Dr Pandit said that the health department had set up control room in its MTH Compound office to monitor all the diseases. He said that the control room was collecting data from private and government hospitals on daily basis and was also keeping a watch on such cases. He further said that citizens should not worry about the diseases, and the civic body is also taking care of cleanliness in the city.

In 2009, evidence of resistance to artemisinin ( ACT) was reported. Initially in the Thai- Cambodia border region, and now in Southeast Asia, ACTs are taking longer time to clear the parasite.

One of the phase III studies showed that while the prescribed ACT still has the same efficacy ( a 98% cure rate in this study), it took 72 hours to clear the parasite when a few years ago it took only 30 hours. This longer parasite clearance time is a clear warning that we urgently need new classes of antimalarial drug beyond ACT. More potential infection T he doctors say this time viruses of dengue and malaria parasites show symptoms similar to each other. They said these diseases have started resisting traditional treatment causing more trouble for patients and doctors.

Finding new drugs S cientists have also started finding new and improved medicines to deal with situation. Sources said that a research work has been begun at All India Institute of Medical Sciences ( AIIMS) especially for malaria symptoms.

Alarming study Malaria worldwide * Almost half the worlds population is in the grip of the disease.

* One million people die every year from malaria.

* Every 30 seconds a child dies from malaria.

What is Malaria? M alaria is a lifethreatening parasitic disease transmitted by mosquitoes. It was once thought that the disease came from fetid marshes, hence the name mal aria ( bad air). In 1880, scientists discovered the real cause of malaria: a one- cell parasite called plasmodium. Later they discovered that the parasite is transmitted from person to person through bite of a female Anopheles mosquito, which requires blood to nurture her eggs.

Dengue fever D engue fever, also known as alt145 breakbone feveralt39, is an infectious tropical disease caused by dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life- threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage.

Immune system fighting swine flu E xperts say human body keeps fighting infections without our notice and same is the con

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