Indore: Megha (name changed), 27, had irregular menstrual cycle for several months but she ignored it as natural phenomenon. Later, there was a sudden onset of excess facial hair and severe acne which left her surprised. Initially she consulted a dermatologist. However, the symptoms including irregular periods indicated that she was suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) for almost a year. Recently got married, Megha could not conceive because of PCOS.
Megha is not the only patient suffering from PCOS which affected her fertility but thousands of women in age between 20 and 45 years are suffering from the same problem but most of them are still undetected.
Dr Kalyani Shrimali of consultant Nova Fertility said, “In last three months, we have found that PCOS is the reason behind 20-25 per cent of female infertility cases in the city. Although there is no single concrete reason for PCOS, it may be because of genetic predisposition resulting in various medical conditions, which in turn cause polycystic ovaries to occur.” A majority of these cases fall under the reproductive age group of 20-40 years. Explaining about the disease, Dr Shrimali said, PCOS is largely a disorder leading to ovulatory dysfunction. It may affect 10-15 per cent of women in their reproductive years. She said that the disorder can be cured by 50 per cent only with adoption of healthy lifestyle and 50 per cent weight loss.
Symptoms of PCOS
- Irregular menses – not following a 28/30 day cycle or months.
- Less than 8 menstrual cycles a year.
- Excessive growth of facial hair ie sideburns, under the chest, midriff, navel and lower back regions.
- Androgenic form of balding or receding hairline or loss of hair.
- Changes in voice or any other changes that are associated with male puberty.
- Appearance of unusual levels of acne or pimples.
- Weight gain that is not amenable to routine measure.