Washington: People react less strongly to malicious speech on digital platforms, believing that such abuses on social media causes less harm than in face-to-face interactions, a study has found. From online forums to community groups, research and experience shows people are more willing to insult and use menacing language online than in person, especially when there’s the protection of anonymity behind a computer.
“Many of us are taken aback when people like Milo Yiannopoulos target and harass people on Twitter, then go on TV and say that digital words don’t hurt anyone,” said Curtis Puryear, from University of South Florida in the US. “Yet our data finds that Yiannopoulos’s perspective resonates with many of us to some degree,” said Puryear, lead author of the study published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science.
“We expect people to be less hurt by malicious words in certain digital contexts, and we respond with less outrage. This may make it easy to discount the experiences of victims of online harassment,” he said. Researchers tested people’s reactions to negative comments and situations through four studies, examining reactions to malicious comments made in face-to-face and various online environments.
In one study of 270 students, people saw an image of someone participating in “nerd culture,” with a comment of “go back to your mommy’s basement nerd,” in one of three environments: face-to-face; online with social information, such as names and photos, or online with little social information.
In another study, of 283 people, participants read a remark insulting a woman for making a comment about infrastructure, and were presented with the negative comment being made on an online forum with little social information or as taking place at a public event. Through each study, people expressed more concern and reaction to negative comments stated in person than to those stated in a digital environment.
Comparing the digital environments, they found mixed results. The presence of more social information, from names to photos, brought about more reactions to inflammatory comments. However, even when people are identifiable, they found initial evidence that inflammatory speech is less shocking in digital contexts.
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