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Updated on: Thursday, May 30, 2019, 03:24 AM IST

Mumbai: Nirvaan, India’s youngest surviving preterm baby, finally gets to go home, after 132 days

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Mumbai: The youngest preterm baby born to Mumbai couple – Retika and Vishal – at Surya hospital in May 2017, is finally going home after 132 days of treatment in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Nirvaan has now become India’s youngest surviving preterm baby.

The doctors said that Nirvaan, who is now weighs 3.8 kgs, had many health complications as he was born preterm due to which his major organs remained under-developed. But now he can breathe like a normal baby and does not have any health complications.

He was on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) support, which helped him breathe better. “He was born on May 12, during the 22nd week of pregnancy with a birth weight of 610 grams, head size of 22 centimetres and length of 32 centimetres. The infant has proved to be a miracle micro-man,” said his doctors.

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In Retika’s case, the doctors did not get time to prepare for any medical tests or for C-section surgery as she delivered the baby within an hour of admission. “We only knew that the mother had urinary tract infection. Neither had we the time to prepare for a caesarean section nor an opportunity for maternal steroid treatment,” said Dr. Sejal Desai. Dr. Bhupendra Awasthi, Director of Surya Child Care said, “Nirvana had immature lungs at birth requiring ventilator support right from the labor room. He required respiratory support for 12 weeks which included 6 weeks of ventilator support. Multiple doses of surfactant injections were instilled into the breathing tube to expand his lungs.”

He added that he survived life-threatening events such as Pneumothorax (air accumulation around the lungs) and brain bleeds to emerge as a crusader. “A month-long steroid treatment was needed to help him breathe on his own. The steroid treatment also increased his risk of getting an infection and high blood sugar which required antibiotic and insulin therapy. He underwent multiple blood transfusions, laser treatment of eyes and hernia surgery was also required during this period,” said Dr. Nandkishore Kabra

Dr. Awasthi added that Nirvaan is now breastfeeding and weighs 3.72kg, has a head size of 34 cm and length of 50 cm. The most important aspect is that he’s going home with an intact brain, vision, hearing, and potential for normal long-term neurological development.

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Outlook for premature babies

  • When it comes to 22 weekers gestation premature infants, 40-50% of them are stillborn worldwide. Among those that are alive at birth, less than 5% survive.
  • The United States – NICHD (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Neonatal research network has reported that only 2 percent of babies alive at birth survive to discharge, and only 1 percent survived with normal neuron-developmental.
  • A large population-based study from France (EPIPAGE 2) has reported 0 percent survival in such babies.

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Published on: Saturday, September 23, 2017, 09:15 AM IST
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