State ranks second in sex determination tests
Mumbai: According to the data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Maharashtra ranks second in sex determination tests.
Rajasthan leads with 626 on-going court/police cases for sex determination followed by Maharashtra (554), Punjab (192), Haryana (165) and Uttar Pradesh (139). These five states account for 73 per cent of all reported sex determination tests nation-wide, an under-estimate given the number of foeticides reported by independent studies.
In all, 350 convictions were made and 100 medical registrations were cancelled nation-wide over two decades.
The sex ratio at birth in India was 908 for 2010-12, which improved to 909 during 2011-13. Among India’s 21 larger states, Haryana is the worst with 864 females per 1,000 males (2011-13), according to data provided by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) to Parliament on April 29, 2016.
Punjab (867), Uttar Pradesh (878), Delhi (887), Rajasthan (893) and Maharashtra (902) are other worst-performing states. Chhattisgarh has India’s most favourable sex ratio at birth, with 970 females per 1,000 males, followed by Kerala (966) and Karnataka (958), among the larger states.
Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra and Haryana have had the worst decline in the past 30 years in child sex ratio, according to the MOHFW annual report 2015-16.
India’s sex ratio is 943 per 1,000 males, as per Census 2011. Haryana is the worst performing among 28 states, with 879 females per 1,000 males, followed by Jammu and Kashmir (889), Sikkim (890), Punjab (895), and Uttar Pradesh (898).
More male babies were victims of foeticide in 2015 than female in 2014, according to the data released by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). As many as 53 male foeticides were reported in 2014, compared to 50 cases of female foeticides, according to NCRB data.