The Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) witnessed a landslide victory in the Lok Sabha Elections 2019 by winning 303 seats out of the total 542 seats. While the opposition party secured only 52 seats which is far less to be the leader of the opposition in the new house. A day after the cabinet dissolved the 16th Lok Sabha, Modi was appointed as the Prime Minister by President Ram Nath Kovind for a second term in a meeting of the National Democratic Alliance’s parliamentary party. As the newly elected Prime Minister along with the members of Union Council of Ministers will take oath on May 30, 2019, at 7 pm at Rashtrapati Bhavan, here’s a look at five times when BJP government came into power.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Elected constituency: Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Term of office:
- May 16, 1996, to June 1, 1996 (16 days)
- March 19, 1998, to October 10, 1999
- October 10, 1999, to May 22, 2004 (6 years 64 days)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the first prime minister of India to serve a full five-year who did not belong to the Indian National Congress party. His birthday is celebrated as ‘Good Governance Day’. He served three times as the Prime Minister of India. The first term lasted for a period of 16 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months in 1998 and 1999 and a full term from 1999 to 2004.
First term: In the 1996 general elections, BJP became the single largest party in the parliament because of the ongoing religious polarisation due to the demolition of Babri Masjid. Vajpayee was sworn in as the 10th Prime Minister of India but due to lack of support to form a government, Vajpayee resigned after 16 days.
Second term: After the failure of two governments between 1996 and 1998, the Lok Sabha was dissolved and fresh elections were held. A number of political parties joined the BJP to form the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) and Vajpayee was sworn-in as the Prime Minister. His government lasted for 13 months. In 1999, Jayalalitha led All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) withdrew its support and the government collapsed by a single vote. The Lok Sabha was dissolved and fresh elections were held.
This term of Vajpayee was noteworthy with several important milestones to his credit including:
- India won the Kargil war in 1999.
- In May 1998, nuclear tests were ordered by Vajpayee. A series of five tests were conducted in the Pokhran desert of Rajasthan.
- In February 1999, Vajpayee inaugurated the Delhi-Lahore bus service and travelled in the same bus to meet the then Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif in Pakistan.
Third term: In 1999 general elections, the BJP-led NDA secured a stable majority and Vajpayee took oath as the PM for the third time. In this term, his government introduced several domestic economic and infrastructural reforms. Prominent projects include National Highways Development Project, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan campaign.
Elected constituency: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Term of office: May 26, 2014, to incumbent
Narendra Modi was sworn-in as the Prime Minister of India on May 26, 2014. He is the first prime minister of India born after India’s independence. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014.
Milestones to his credit in the first term include:
Foreign policy: The Modi-led government has improved foreign relation with countries like the Maldives and Sri Lanka and strengthened strategic partnership with the US.
GST: Introduced Goods and Service Tax (GST) that replaced many indirect taxes in India.
Ayushman Bharat: Launched on September 23, 2018, the health insurance scheme is said to have benefited over 10 lakh, underprivileged people.
Sanitation: Built toilets under the Swachh Bharat Mission.
Failures of the government include:
- Lack of strong and consistent leadership in the Reserve Bank of India and the Central Bureau of Investigation.
- Uncertainty in tax laws.
- Silence on a number of key issues.