Updated on: Wednesday, May 29, 2019, 05:09 AM IST

Dialogue with Guru: Eternal Principles

  • Aryavarta is the oldest and the first name of Bharata. The inhabitants of Bharata were referred as arya. Human-beings with excellent character, action and attitude are called Arya. Vedic or Sanatana religion is the ancient religion of all the inhabitants of Bharata. Vedas are the religious text of the followers of vedic-religion.
  • The Persian sect is approximately 4,500 years old, Yahudi (Jewish) sect is 4000 years old, Jaina and Buddha sect are nearly 2500 years old, the Hindu Purana sect is about 2200 years old, Christianity is almost 2000 years old, Islam sect is 1400 years old, the Sankaracharya period is nearly 1300 years ago and the Sikkha sect is around 500 years old. Apart from these, hundreds of other cast-creed and culture are popular, since the last 100-150 years.
  • The process of worshipping God in the form of idols began nearly around 2500 years ago. Prior to it, people worshipped the nirakara (the formless) nature of God.
  • The time period of Ramayana is approximately 10 lakh years old and the period of Mahabharata is 5200 years old.
  • The conqueror of the entire earth is called a Chakravarti Samrat — an emperor. The period of the emperors started from the beginning of creation till the Mahabharata period. Yudhisthira was the last emperor of Bharata.
  • The Vedic sovereignty lasted for 1,97,29,44,000 years: from the beginning of the creation till the Mahabharata period.
  • People during the vedic period considered only a nirakara (the formless) God. Samskrta was the language for world law during the vedic period. Gurukula education system was prevalent during the vedic period.
  • Vedic religion divides the personal life of an individual into four asramas (phases) namely, Brahmacarya asrama, Grhasta asrama, Vanaprastha asrama and Samnyasa asrama.
  • ‘Namaste’ is the word used for greeting others in sanatana dharma. It means — we express our respect towards you. ‘Namaste’ term is a part of our rsi culture.
  • Our vedic religion has no provisions for any acts of untouchability, casteism, black-magic, wearing of any thread or sacred symbol, omen, horoscope, palmistry, navagraha puja (worship of the nine planets), nadi-snana (river bath), balipratha (animal or bird sacrifice), satipratha (the tradition of burning the wife with the dead body of the husband on the funeral pyre), vegetarianism, consumption of liquor and other intoxicating materials, gambling, betting, polygamy (more than one marriage), sorcery, pindadana (ceremony for the benefit and honour of any deceased soul of the family), prophecy and other such practises.
  • According to the vedas and vedic literature, the ultimate objective of human life is to be free from every kind of sorrow. It is possible to be free from all kinds of sorrows by the eradication of spiritual ignorance. Spiritual ignorance is eradicated by the pure spiritual wisdom given by God. It is God who gives pure spiritual wisdom in the samadhi state (complete cessation of activities of the mind). The state of samadhi is obtained by exercising complete control over the mind and senses. Complete control over mind and senses is attained by the realisation of soul (self-realisation). It is achieved by: studying the science of soul, constantly thinking of it, taking decision, making resolute determination and performing actions with complete perseverance, austerity and hardwork.
  • Man suffers sorrows because of raga (attachment), dvesa (hatred) and moha (infatuation). The arrogance of knowledge is the greatest ignorance. How very ironical it is that, everbody is egoistic about his acquired knowledge, but nobody is aware of his ego.
  • Vairagya means — performing actions without any desire for enjoying its fruits and being devoid of any raga (attachment), dvesa (hatred) and esana (craving).
  • Spirituality means-acquiring knowledge and science of atma (soul), paramatma (God), prakrti (nature), mana (the mind), buddhi (intellect), moksa (liberation), bandhana (bondages), punarjanma (rebirth), karma (actions) and its result, samskara, dhyana, samadhi and behaving accordingly.
  • Agitation, fear and stress arise in persons who perform sinful acts.
  • Unrighteous conduct is termed as sin. Unrighteous conduct refers to behaving in contradiction to the directions of God, rules and regulations of treatises and scriptures, suggestions of great personalities and against the thoughts arising in one’s pure soul.
  • The general definition of dharma or religion is — behaving in a way with others, that we like for ourselves and not behaving in a way with others, that is not to our liking.
  • All the good or bad actions performed by an individual definitely yield either happiness or sorrow, this is the doctrine of karmaphala or the fruits of actions. According to the Vedas, the results of evil actions can never be pardoned. Giving donation or performing punya (holy acts), chanting hymns or doing austerity, serving others, showing generosity and doing other such virtuous acts, separately yield positive outcome, but they neither diminish nor end the outcome, that stem from the performance of evil actions. God Himself, never gives any good or bad results to anybody. Evil actions performed in ignorance produce similar results. Our duty is to keep ignorance at bay. Devotion to God gives purity of mind and happiness. It showers inner strength and produces great thoughts in the mind, as a result of which a person either does not perform or performs evil actions in lesser quantity. It also eradicates every kind of shortage in one’s life. Hence, it can definitely be said that, intellect brings wealth, but wealth never brings intellect.
  • Our future is uncertain, hence no one can predict it. Astrologers do speak about the future, but, these predictions are untrue.
  • Good actions are those which before, during and after its performance, not only produce happiness, enthusiasm, cheers, peace and satisfaction but also do not harm a person, the family, society and country.
  • Bad actions are those which before, during and after its performance, not only develop fear, doubt and shame, but also harp a person, the family, society and country.
  • Control over the mind is achieved by utilising the power of soul. The following spirit develops the power of soul- ‘I am a conscious element and master of the mind, senses and body. All these three are non-conscious objects and without my will, these three cannot perform any action. I will perform only that action which I have desired for and will not perform those actions that I don’t desire. I will awaken those thoughts which I desire and will subdue those which I don’t desire.’ Making such a firm resolution and carrying out actions of mind, speech and body with great caution will enhance the power of the soul.

(Excerpted from the book Divine Transformation: Building Blocks for Enlightened Life, Ideal Nation & Peaceful World by Acharya Balakrishna)

(To receive our E-paper on whatsapp daily, please click here. We permit sharing of the paper's PDF on WhatsApp and other social media platforms.)

Published on: Sunday, October 28, 2018, 07:08 AM IST