Mumbai: The State Backward Class Commission headed by justice M J Gaikwad (retired) submitted the report of 1037 pages, to the Chief Secretary D K Jain on Thursday. Member secretary of the commission handed over the report. The commission in its report has recommended the Maratha community is backward and the government can increase the cap of reservations which is presently 52 per cent. Govt is likely to give reservation to the community from the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) without disturbing the existing quota of 27 per cent in govt jobs and educational institutions.
The state will table draft bill which will then allow the community to get deserving reservations. A 5-member commission conducted a survey of 43,629 families covering every taluka of the state. A member of the commission said, “There were three sectors — economical, social and educational, for measuring the status of Marathas, if they are backward or not. Parameters were fixed to prove the backwardness and each family had to fill up a form of 25 questions. 25 points were allotted to the three sectors-10, 8 and 7. The community secured 21.5 points overall, far more than 50 percent (12.5) essential to prove the backwardness and thus it proves, the Marathas are backward.”
In another survey conducted before this by a committee headed by Narayan Rane, only educational and social parameters were considered, due to which the High Court refused to admit the report which stated the Maratha community is backward. On the other hand, Backward Class commission also considered the economical sector. “The commission has given eight out of 8 points for education, 7.5 out of total 10 points for social sector and were given 6 out of 7 points for economic parameters,” said the source.
An important question of the survey was on the issue of suicides of farmers and the superstitions followed by Maratha community. “90 pc of the farmers who committed suicides are from Maratha community. This point proves the economical backwardness,” said the source. The report is in three volumes. The main report covers 11 chapters including on history of the community, constitutional provisions, govt resolutions, review of previous commissions. The five members of the commission too have added their personal views regarding the survey.