England is in the throes of a new industrial revolution. Several atomic power stations have been built for electricity. The future is full of promise. New technological advances will revolutionise methods of production. The labour force will have to be employed in several new industries. A time may come soon when miners in Britain will not have to dig up coal from the bowels of cold earth. Plenty of electricity from atomic stations will heat the homes, light the streets and run the factories. That England, where such vast new opportunities are round the corner, should demand that India curtail her textile exports, is just not cricket. Textiles still constitute the bulk of our exports and it is extremely doubtful we will be able to step up our present export quota in view of increased consumption at home, and the compromise we have adopted in production methods so as to attain maximum employment. In the absence of automatic looms and modern machinery, Indian textiles can hardly compete with the British or Japanese industry. Yet the leaders of the British textile delegation to the country, Sir Cuthbert Clegg claims that several British mills have been forced to close down because of the growing competition from the Indian industry…If Sir Cuthbert has the time and patience to study the unemployment problem in India, the primitive production techniques, not only in the Khadi and handloom sectors, but also in the mill industry, if he has the sympathy to understand how half-clad India is exporting cloth for economic salvation, he will revise his stand before he leaves this country. The Commonwealth, unless it pays some respect to the concept of common weal, will cease to have any attraction for the less wealthy members.
(EDIT, January 12, 1957.)