Free Press Journal

What is ADHD and how is it treated?


Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is a medical condition which affects how a person behaves, focuses and pays attention. As the name suggests, a person suffering from ADHD will be hyperactive and impulsive with an inability to sit around doing the same task for too long. Even though ADHD is one of the most common disorders among children, it is a disorder which usually starts during childhood but can continue in adulthood. Children suffering from ADHD usually have difficulty in school and at home, while adults who suffer from ADHD could have relationship problems, self-esteem issues as well as substance abuse problems.

Research conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has concluded that ADHD is caused because of a combination of genes and environment, but like any other illness there could be a variety of factors that affect ADHD. Smoking or drinking during pregnancy, being exposed to environmental toxins at a young age, low birth weight or premature birth and even brain injuries as a child could all lead to ADHD in children. ADHD is usually categorised into 3 types – inattentive, hyper-impulsive and a combination of the two.

Keep a look out for these symptoms to know if your child is suffering from inattentive ADHD-
Not paying attention to details
Not listening
Not being able to follow instructions
Being distracted
Being forgetful
Not making an effort in tasks
Making careless mistakes
Having difficulty holding a conversation, listening to a lecture or lengthy reading
Being easily distracted by small stimuli
Forgetful in daily activities

Keep a look out for these symptoms to know if your child is suffering from hyper-impulsive ADHD-
Being excessively fidgety
Running and climbing at inappropriate times
Having trouble being quiet
Talking too much or talking out of turn
Interrupting people while they talk
Being unable to sit in one place for too long
Getting up and moving around too much
Seemingly constantly on the go

If your child is showing a combination of symptoms, then he could be suffering from a combination of inattentive and hyper-impulsive ADHD. But it is important to note that a child suffering from these symptoms doesn’t necessarily have ADHD, it could be a variety of other reasons for this type of behavior. So, if you feel that your child could be suffering from ADHD then it’s best to seek professional help!

Here, it is essential to remember that ADHD is of different types, and its symptoms and affects differ from person to person, so therapy for ADHD will also vary from person to person. There is no specific way to test for ADHD, so a diagnosis involves gathering a lot of information about the child from multiple sources. These sources could be the child’s school teachers, the child’s care givers, the child’s relatives and maybe even friends. A doctor will have to assess the information he or she gathers, ask about the child’s symptoms and how long these symptoms lasted and how this behavior has affected the child and the child’s family. Once the doctor has assessed the problem at hand, then he or she could refer a psychologist for behavioral therapy or whatever method the psychologist finds appropriate.

(The article is published in association with Juno Clinic