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Hindi Divas 2017: 10 interesting facts about Hindi

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The Constituent Assembly of India adopted Hindi in Devanagari script as the official language of India on September 14, 1949. The day is now celebrated as Hindi Divas. September 14 also marks the birth anniversary of Beohar Rajendra Sinha for his contribution to the language. Even though Hindi is widely spoken not only in India but across the globe, a lot of us are still unaware of the interesting facts associated with the language. On the occasion of 68th Hindi Divas, we bring to you 10 interesting facts.

  1. The word ‘Hindi’ is derived from the Persian word ‘Hind’ meaning ‘the land of the Indus river’.
  2. Hindi is the fourth most spoken language in the world.
  3. In 1881, Bihar replaced Urdu with Hindi as its sole official language and became the first state to do so.
  4. Except for India, Hindi is widely spoken in Nepal, Thailand, Fiji, Suriname, Tobaya, and Guyana.
  5. Unlike English, there are articles in Hindi. Every noun has its own gender. Also, Adjective and Verb forms of a Noun change according to the gender of the Noun.
  6. The earliest form of Hindi was known as ‘Apabhramsa’. In 400 AD, famous Indian playwright Kalidas wrote ‘Vikramorvashiyam’, a romantic play. It is considered as the first written record in Hindi.
  7. The first book published in the Hindi language is ‘Prem Sagar’ by Lallu Lal, which was published in 1805.
  8. Popular English words like ‘bungalow’, ‘yoga’, ‘thug’, ‘cheetah’ have been borrowed by Hindi. The Hindi word ‘Swadeshi’ has been incorporated in the Oxford dictionary, which is a matter of pride as Indian freedom fighters used the word ‘Swadeshi’ as a sign of patriotism.
  9. Hindi is purely phonetic, unlike English, it is pronounced exactly the way it is written.
  10. Hindi is a web-friendly language. It is one of the seven languages that can be used in making the web-address of websites.