Hariyali Teej is the monsoon festival celebrated in the Northern states of India, especially in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. The festival falls on the third day of the first fortnight of the Hindu month of Shravan and usually two days before Nag Panchami. In 2018, Hariyali Teej falls on August 13. The festival is celebrated in remembrance of the reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. On this day, married women observe fast to seek long life and wellness of their husband. While unmarried women observe fast to get a husband like Lord Shiva. Hariyali Teej is also called as Shravan Teej as it falls two days before Naag Panchami during the Hindu month Shravan. During this season, the surroundings become green and hence the name ‘Hariyali’.
There is a tradition of sending a bucket of gifts called ‘Sindhara’ to daughter and her in-laws by her parents. The gift contains home-made sweets, henna, bangles, and ghevar. Due to the tradition of gifting Sindhara, Hariyali Teej is called as Sindhara Teej. The day is also referred as Shravan Teej or Choti Teej, while the Teej that comes 15 days after Hariyali Teej is called as Badi Teej.
3 symbolic Teej in Shravan
There are three Teej celebrated by women in the holy month of Shravan and Bhadrapada, which include Hariyali Teej (August 13), Kajari Teej (August 29) and Hartalika Teej (September 12). Since these Teej falls in the month of Shravan and Bhadrapada it makes them more special. Other Teej celebrated are Akha Teej, also known as Akshaya Tritiya, and Gangaur Tritiya.
Mythological significance of Hariyali Teej
It is believed that on this day, Lord Shiva accepted Goddess Parvati as his wife after she fasted and was austere for many years. Legend says that she prayed and took 108 rebirths to be Lord Shiva’s wife. Goddess Parvati is also known as Teej Mata. The union took place on the third day of Shukla Paksha in the month of Shravan.
Women clad themselves in green clothes, wear green bangles and adorn their hands with henna. A special puja to worship the moon with milk, flowers, and curd is performed. Religious songs and hymns are chanted. The celebration comprises dancing and singing. In Rajasthan, processions of Teej Mata are taken on the streets and songs and dances are performed.
Haryana marks the day an official holiday and the Government of Haryana organises several functions to celebrate the festival. In Punjab, women gather and perform Gidda and visit their families. There is also a tradition for women to ride swings. In Chandigarh, students present plays and cultural programs and the Chandigarh administration makes special arrangements in the Rock Garden for Teej celebration.
Most women observe fast on Hariyali Teej. However, they also prepare special delicacies like kheer, malpua, ghevar, halwa, kheer-puri and jalebi to celebrate the auspicious day.
Tritiya tithi begins: 8:36 am on August 13
Tritiya tithi ends: 5:45 am on August 14