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Genes may help some nations stay on top of happiness index

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Genes, Human body

London: Presence of a gene variant involved in sensory pleasure and pain reduction may contribute towards making a population happier than others, suggests new research.

“The citizens of nations which rate themselves happiest display a specific genetic feature: their DNA is more likely to contain a specific allele involved in sensory pleasure and pain reduction,” said Michael Minkov of the Varna University of Management in Bulgaria.

The researchers weighed up genetic and various external factors that might contribute to national differences in happiness.


The researchers used data from World Values Survey (2000 – 2014) that consists of nationally representative surveys on beliefs, values and motivations of people conducted in almost 100 countries.

They calculated the average national percentages of respondents who unambiguously reported being “very happy”.

Their calculations also included population genetic data from an allele frequency database maintained by population geneticist from Yale University as well as climatic information about the harshness of summers and winters, the historic prevalence of pathogens and World Bank economic data, since national differences in subjective well-being are thought to depend on socioeconomic and climatic factors in addition to genetic factors.

The authors found a strong correlation between a nation’s happiness and the presence of the A allele in the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) gene variant rs324420 in its citizens’ genetic make-up.

This allele helps prevent the chemical degradation of anandamide, a substance that enhances sensory pleasure and helps to reduce pain, the researchers explained.

Nations with the highest prevalence of the A allele are quite clearly also those who perceive themselves happiest, the study said.

The findings were published in Springer’s Journal of Happiness Studies. “We are making sure that JJBs and CWCs are constituted in each district. It will be the Board which will conduct a preliminary inquiry to determine whether a juvenile offender is to be sent for rehabilitation or tried as an adult.

“The Committee, on the other hand, will decide on institutional care for children,” a senior official of the Women and Child Development Mintsry said.

“Several new offences committed against children which were not adequately covered under any other law are included in the Act. These include sale and procurement of children for any purpose including illegal adoption, corporal punishment in child care institutions, use of child by militant groups, offences against disabled children and kidnapping,” the official said.