According to Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC)’s latest Environment Status Report (ESR), of the 9,400 tonnes of trash in the dumping grounds, 73 percent comprises of food, vegetable, and fruit waste. Meanwhile, according to the waste management experts, if Mumbai recycles this waste, it can reduce the amount of garbage transported to its overburdened landfills by 93%.
According to a report in Hindustan Times, the ESR 2016-17 found that construction debris — sand, stone and earth — comprised 17% of the waste, 3% is plastic and 3% is organic dry waste such as wood and cloth. Paper and other recyclables, including metals, are 4% of the garbage. And despite the high proportion of recyclable components in its garbage. Mumbai segregates only 8% for recycling and only 5% is composted by private agencies such as housing societies, restaurants and produce markets.
Data from the BMC’s solid waste management (SWM) department shows the proportion of food in the city’s waste was similar in 2015-16 as well. The Deonar dumping ground, the largest in Mumbai, gets approximately 34% of the trash, while Kanjurmarg and Mulund receives 32% and 34% of the garbage. Mulund and Deonar dumping ground have nearly exhausted their capacity to receive the garbage.
Currently, municipal workers collect 95% of waste from households, educational institutes, hospitals, hotels, office complexes etc. as against a target of 100%. The waste is taken to 32 segregation centres where it is separated into dry, organic, plastic and biomedical waste. Only 53% of the collected garbage is segregated against a target of 100%. At the dumping grounds, 35% of the waste is treated by composting by vermiculture. 23,000 housing societies were sent notices for not segregating waste and another 5,000 were issued notices for not treating organic waste.