Mumbai: Even as the city received comparatively heavy rains this year, there has been a slight decline in the cases of dengue till August 2017. According to the official data, the city has recorded a total of 280 cases which is lower than last year wherein 331 cases were reported till August.
The doctors said that the citizens are following the advisory issued by the civic health department due to which the dengue cases have slightly decreased this year till August 2017. “Nearly 2,000 patients were admitted in the civic hospitals were due to dengue-like illness. But there were only 93 confirmed cases and three deaths,” said a health official.
Doctors said the rare immunity condition with high morbidity and mortality rate is triggered by dengue and other viral infections but can be diagnosed only after multiple tests. “The dengue patients were also seen coming with multi-organ dysfunctions too. Many are coming with acute respiratory distress syndrome, kidney failure and hepatitis caused by dengue,” said a doctor.
The infectious disease experts said that dengue is treatable in most cases and only a few will suffer from its severe forms such as dengue haemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome. “In haemorrhagic fever, the patient starts bleeding as his blood clotting mechanisms go out of control. The permeability of blood vessels increase in this situation,” said Dr. Om Shrivastav.
Dr Padmaja Keskar, Executive health officer, said patients must avoid self-diagnosis and strictly follow treatments prescribed by medical professionals. “Mosquito breeding generally increases during the monsoon. Residents must ensure that there is no water collection in their houses or the general vicinity, and wear clothes that cover their arms and legs to prevent mosquito bites,” said Dr Keskar. 2016 saw 331 cases of Dengue from the period of January to August, compared to 280 cases this year.
Mumbai seems to be faring better than national capital Delhi in terms of number of dengue cases. A total of 1,730 dengue and 432 chikungunya cases have been reported in the national capital so far, according to the civic agencies on Monday. Among the total cases, 829 patients are from Delhi while 901 others at Delhi hospitals are from neighbouring states. Similarly, for chikungunya cases, 259 patients are from Delhi while 173 patients are from other neighbouring states.
According to updated report, areas under South Delhi Municipal Corporation have reported the highest number of cases with 204 cases of dengue and 36 chikungunya cases. While one person has died due to dengue no death has occurred due to chikungunya. The worst dengue outbreak was witnessed in 2015 with 15,867 cases while for chikungunya 2016 saw the highest cases in 2016 at 7,760. The central and state government have been constantly reviewing the situation and directed both private and public hospitals to take the necessary measures to treat vector borne patients. Diagnostic centres and private hospitals have also taken the initiative to spread awareness to tackle vector borne diseases.
“Vector borne diseases are growing at a very high rate and to effectively tackle it, combined efforts of awareness among public and health sectors are required the foremost. By strengthening the entomological surveillance system, mosquito interventions can be avoided and prevent disease transmission,” said Prashant Nag, Director, GenX Diagnostics, a leading diagnostic centre in India. The city has also seen 340 cases of malaria, with 35 fresh cases since September 1, 2017. According to the civic agencies, the updated report is till September 9, 2017.