Indore: City has been witnessing unusual weather conditions for several years in a row, courtesy global warming. The change is however so gradual that unexpected rainfall or extreme temperatures both in summer as well as winter no more evokes surprise.
Moreover, a study, titled ‘Climate Change Resilience for Children and Urban Governance’, conducted by United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and Gorakhpur Environment Action Group (GEAG) to assess the impact of climate change on children’s health in five tier II cities, including Indore, Gorakhpur, Panaji, Shimla and Guwahati suggested that Indore’s temperature will witness a rise soon making it further hotter.
“The study stated that the maximum temperature will increase in winters and the minimum temperature in monsoon which will also affect the seasons’ cycle. This may likely to increase the rate of survivability among the disease causing pathogens for example malaria and other vector borne disease. The increase in temperature is also likely to affect the winter cropping pattern,” president of GEAG, Dr Shiraz Wajih said. Raising an alarm for the citizens, the findings of the study too suggested that the precipitation will also increase by an average of 2 mm daily and the annual increase of 300 mm. The monsoon stretch will also increase from May to November.
“The vulnerability assessment of the city too suggested that it will face water logging and flood like conditions as the incidents of extreme rainfalls lasting for few days have been increased for last two decades and floods had taken place in 2002, 2005 and 2009. The other problems city will face are water scarcity, discomfort and health risk, loss of livelihood,” as the report states.
Impact on child health
Health: Water logging and change in weather will impact of the health of people especially children. Diseases like dengue, malaria and chikangunia will rise.
Education: The increase in extreme weather conditions like rainfall leading to floods and water logging will further worsen the access of children to school because of physical and health reasons.
Physical safety: Climatic changes will also affect the physical safety and protection of children who are already in danger due to the cases of child labour and child abuse.
UNICEF and GEAG organised workshop to discuss the study and to make amendments on the basis of recommendations by social activists, NGOs, IMC officials and other intellectuals who are directly or indirectly working on climate change and children’s health.
Anjali Anand of Gudda Gudiya, Pankhuri Kiranpraksh of Neev, Nikita Jain of HMS, Amit Dubey of SBM-U-Indore, Wasim Iqbal of AAS, water conservationist Sudhindra Mohan Sharma, Dr GUnawant Joshi, Tapash Saraswati, Megha Burvey, Dr OP Joshi and others participated in the meeting and gave their valuable suggestions. In-charge of water works committee in IMC and chairman of Water Conservation Trust Balram Verma too presented civic body’s view and participation on climate change.
City demographic profile
No. of Wards 85
Height above mean sea level 553 mts
Total population (as per census) 1992422
F/M ratio 925
Household size 4.92
Population density 11558
Employment rate 36.37 %
Main worker population 677077
Marginal worker 47557