World Cancer Day today
Indore : Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally and was responsible for death of 8.8 million in 2015. Globally, 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer.
National Chairman of Caner and Tobacco Control Committee of Indian Medical Association Dr Dilip Achayra, said: “40 per cent of cancers can be prevented and one-third of the disease can be cured through early diagnosis and treatment.”
He said, “Longer breastfeeding reduces risks of breast cancer and ovarian cancer.” He added lifestyle changes have proved as major reasons for causing the deadly disease.”
Discussing about five most common cancers, Dr Acharya said, “Five most common cancer in India in men are– lung, lip-oral cavity, stomach, colorectal and other pharynx while in women they are breast, cervix, colorectal, ovary and lip-oral cavity.”
Around one-third of deaths from cancer are due to these six leading behavioral and dietary risks:
- High body mass index, obesity increases risk of esophageal, stomach, colorectal, post-menopausal breast, ovarian, gall bladder, pancreatic, kidney, liver and endometrial cancers.
- Lack of physical activity
- Tobacco causes 13 different types of cancer. Nearly 22% of cancer deaths and 10% of NCD deaths are due to tobacco consumption alone.
- Alcohol consumption.
- Cancer causing infections, such as hepatitis and human papilloma virus (HPV) (causing 25per cent of cancer cases in low- and middle-income countries).
- Low fruit and vegetable intake.
n Avoid tobacco consumption in any form
n Avoid drinking alcohol
n Stay physically active, exercise at least 5 days a week.
n Eat a healthy diet -plenty of fruits and vegetables.
n Maintain a healthy weight.
n Get immunized-Hepatitis B, Human Papilloma virus –HPV(females)