New Delhi : In three weeks since he took over, President Ram Nath Kovind has given assent to six key legislations, including the one that extends the jurisdiction of trial in cases of maritime claims, arrests and detentions of ships to various courts.
All the legislations, which got the presidential nod, were recently passed by Parliament.
The Admiralty (Jurisdiction and Settlement of Maritime Claims) Act, 2017, which got the presidential assent recently, repeals two archaic laws — 156-year-old Admiralty Court Act, 1861, and 127-year-old Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act, 1890. A bill in this regard was cleared by the Rajya Sabha on April 24. The Lok Sabha passed the bill on March 10. The colonial era legislations came into force when the country had only three major ports — Bombay, Calcutta and Madras. So, at present also, admiralty disputes could be decided by the high courts in these cities only. The new Act extends jurisdiction for maritime claims and vests it with the respective High Courts and over the territorial waters of their respective jurisdictions. The President has also approved the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) bill, 2017.