Medium-term growth prospects are favourable, with growth forecast to rise to about eight per cent over the medium term due to the implementation of key reforms, loosening of supply-side bottlenecks, and appropriate fiscal and monetary policies, the report said
Washington : The IMF on Tuesday trimmed India’s annual growth forecast by 0.4 percentage points to 7.2 per cent for 2017, citing the impact of demonetisation.
“In India, the growth forecast for 2017 has been trimmed by 0.4 percentage point to 7.2 per cent, primarily because of the temporary negative consumption shock induced by cash shortages and payment disruptions from the recent currency exchange initiative,” the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said in its latest annual World Economic Outlook (WEO).
The World Economic Outlook was released here before the start of the annual Spring Meeting of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank.
“Medium-term growth prospects are favourable, with growth forecast to rise to about eight per cent over the medium term due to the implementation of key reforms, loosening of supply-side bottlenecks, and appropriate fiscal and monetary policies,” the IMF report said. The Indian government in February had pegged GDP growth at a higher-than-expected 7.1 per cent for the current fiscal despite the note ban. However, analysts had raised concerns over the figure, saying it had not taken into account the full impact of demonetisation.
According to the IMF report, India’s economy has grown at a strong pace in recent years owing to the implementation of critical structural reforms, favourable terms of trade, and lower external vulnerabilities. “Beyond the immediate challenge of replacing currency in circulation following the November 2016 currency exchange initiative, policy actions should focus on reducing labour and product market rigidities to ease firm entry and exit, expand the manufacturing base, and gainfully employ the abundant pool of labour,” it said. Policy actions should also consolidate the disinflation underway since the collapse in commodity prices through agricultural sector reforms and infrastructure enhancements to ease supply bottlenecks, the report said.
Policy actions should also boost financial stability through full recognition of non-performing loans and raising public sector banks’ capital buffers and secure the public finances through continued reduction of poorly targeted subsidies and structural tax reforms, including implementation of the recently approved nationwide goods and services tax, it said. According to the report, growth in China is projected at 6.6 per cent in 2017, slowing to 6.2 per cent in 2018.
The upward revision to near-term growth — the 2017 forecast — is 0.4 percentage point higher than in the October 2016 WEO and the 2018 forecast is 0.2 percentage point higher.